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Price of electricity from private producers. LBL.

1995

2138
CIENA

The market for long-term bulk power is becoming increasingly competitive and mature. Given that many privately developed power projects have been or are being developed in the U.S., it is possible to begin to evaluate the performance of the market by analyzing its revealed prices.Using a consistent method, this paper presents levelized contract prices for a sample of privately developed U.S. generation facilities. The sample includes 26 projects with a total capacity of 6,354 MW. Contracts are described in terms of their choice of technology, choice of fuel, treatment of fuel price risk, geographic location, dispatchability, expected dispatch niche, and size. The contract price analysis shows that gas technologies clearly stand out as the most attractive. At an 80 percent capacity factor, coal projects have an average 20-year levelized price of $0..92/kWh. Within each technology type subsampole, however, there is considerable variation. Prices for natural gas combustion turbines and one wind project are also presented. A preliminary statistical analysis is conducted to understand the relationship beween price and four categories of explanatory factors including product heterogeneity, geographic heterogeneity, economic and technological change, and other buyer attributes (including avoided costs). Because of residual price variation, we are unable to accept the hypothesis that electricity is a homogeneous product. Instead, the analysis indicates that buyer value still plays an important role in the determination of price for competitively-acquired electricity..

Presenta gráfs. y tbls. -- Corresponde a a la segunda etapa: Expansion of simple and preliminary statiscal analysis

Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía. Secretaría de Planificación del Sub-Sector Energía - Centro de Información de Energía y Ambiente, CIENA

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