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Comprehensive national child protection systems: legal basis and current practice in Latin America and the Caribbean



I. Introduction .-- II. The Convention on the Rights of the Child and its incorporation into national laws .-- III. Legal basis for the creation of comprehensive national child-protection systems in the legislation of Latin American countries .-- IV. Analysis of comprehensive protection system models and their functioning in selected countries of Latin America and the Caribbean .-- V. Comparative analysis of comprehensive national child-protection system models in the domestic laws of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean .-- VI. Suggestions for the design, implementation and evaluation of a comprehensive child protection system.

The present document offers a comparative study of the legal child protection codes and practices in Latin America and the Caribbean, both in terms of the legal grounds for establishing a Comprehensive National Child Protection System (NCPS) and as a basis for examining current child-protection practice, institutions, functions and powers established within such legal frameworks. The study also includes an analysis of the status of implementation and start-up of NCPSs in compliance with national mandates in four countries of Latin America and the Caribbean: Uruguay, representing the Southern Cone, Ecuador in the Andean Region, El Salvador for Central America, and Jamaica representing the Caribbean. The wide diversity of organizational structures responsible for protecting the rights of children and adolescents in various countries justifies the conduct of this study, which is intended to give a general overview of existing systems and establish some conceptual elements to support the discussion of possible future models of a comprehensive child protection system for children and adolescents.

Includes bibliography.

Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL) - Biblioteca Hernán Santa Cruz

Héctor Aracena

Biblioteca CEPAL, Edificio Naciones Unidas, Av. Dag Hammarskjold 3477, Santiago, Chile

(+56-2) 2210-2337

Address: Av. Mariscal Antonio José de Sucre N58-63 y Fernández Salvador Edif. Olade - San Carlos, Quito - Ecuador.

Web: www.olade.org

Phone: (593 2) 259 8122 / 2598 280

Correo: realc@olade.org

Desarrollado por: Aikyu-Systems